Sun, 19 Sep
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Present tense

Tenses demonstrate the time of an action in a sentence.
Present tense, when an event is being described in real time.
Types of Present Tense
  1. Simple Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. Simple Present Tense
Use in one of the following conditions.
  • Universal Facts
  • Daily activities or habits
  • To express beliefs, feelings, opinions and thoughts
  • An event that is planned to happen in future
  • Reported speech (news/commentary), books narration
  • To give instructions
Structure 1: Subject (he/she/it) + Verb in Simple present form + s/es + ...
Usage 1: He goes to temple.
Structure 2: Subject (except he/she/it) + Verb in Simple present form + ...
Usage 2: I go to temple.
Structure 3: Subject (he/she/it) + doesn't + Verb in Simple present form + ...
Usage 3: He doesn't go to temple.
Structure 4: Subject (except he/she/it + don't + Verb in Simple present form + ...
Usage 4: I don't go to temple.

2. Present Continuous Tense
Used when an action is happening right now.
Structure : Subject (I/he,she,it/we,they) + am/is/are + verb + ing + ...
Usage 1: I am going to temple
Usage 2: He is going to temple
Usage 3: We are going to temple
Usage 4: I ain't going to temple
Usage 5: He isn't going to temple
Usage 6: We aren't going to temple

3. Present Perfect Tense
Use in one of the following conditions.
  • An action that occurred at a time which is indefinite.
  • An action that occurred many times.
  • An action that started in past and still going on.

Structure : Subject (he,she,it/remained) + has/have + Verb in past participle form + ...
Usage 1: He has killed her.
Usage 2: I have seen this movie many times.
Usage 3: He has worked in this company for 6 years.


4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
An action that started in past and still going on.
Structure : Subject (he,she,it/remained) + has/have + been + Verb + ing + ...
Usage 1: He has been working in this company for 6 years.

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